Human energy, transformed.

"In the products of the hand loom the magic of man's living fingers finds its expression, and its hum harmonizes with the music of life." - Rabindranath Tagore

Pre-loom

The yarn (either unbleached "kora" or dyed using natural dyes) is wound on bobbins of two different sizes - one used for the weft and the other for design setting for the warp. The bobbin is wound manually using a hand operated wheel. The bobbins of various colours are then loaded onto a design setting rack. Depending on the design of the warp, it is then fed into the loom to make a "doli", which is then mounted onto the frame loom.

Loom

A hand operated wooden frame loom is used to weave the warp (doli that is loaded) and the weft to produce the desired patterns. Depending on the reed and pick of the fabric, the resultant fabric strength, density is controlled. A frame loom can produce about 240 metres of fabric with one "doli" or bundle. Depending on specific designs, some additions, called "dobby" can be made to the loom to create the desired patterns.

Post-loom

The post loom processes vary depending on the intended garment or finished product like stitching, block printing, Embroidery (Kasuthi), Tie-dyeing, Shrinking and Ironing.

Handloom

Handloom is the name given to fabric that is woven by a hand-operated weaving machine or "loom". It is also referred to as "hand woven". Handloom fabric came into being during 19th century when the British started producing cotton yarn using automatic machines at factories in England and dumping it on our weavers.

The "looms" can be of various types - pit loom, frame loom etc. depending on the way it is constructed. But the underlying principle is the same.

Our country has a rich tradition of handloom and a variety of fabric, each a specialty of the region of its origin.

World over, there is great demand for handwoven fabric and only India still has handlooms left. Whatever is remaining is soon getting wiped out. There is an urgent need to preserve this and bring back the traditional weavers to their profession.

Handloom provides an alternate income for families by employing the womenfolk who can work from the comfort of their homes.

Handloom, just like Khadi acts as a tool for social change by breaking the caste barriers, by bringing people from different backgrounds on the same platform and giving them a dignified way of life.